Historically, a civilization was a so-called "advanced" culture in contrast to more supposedly primitive cultures. In this broad sense, a civilization contrasts with non-centralized tribal societies, including the cultures of nomadic pastoralists or hunter-gatherers. As an uncountable noun, civilization also refers to the process of a society developing into a centralized, urbanized, stratified structure.
Sid Meier's Civilization is a turn-based "4X"-type strategy video game created by Sid Meier and Bruce Shelley for MicroProse in 1991. The game's objective is to "Build an empire to stand the test of time": it begins in 4000 BC and the players attempt to expand and develop their empires through the ages from the ancient era until modern and near-future times. It is also known simply as Civilization, Civilization I, or abbreviated to Civ or Civ I.
Civilization is a turn-based single- or multiplayer strategy game. The player takes on the role of the ruler of a civilization, starting with one (or occasionally two) settler units, and attempts to build an empire in competition with two to six other civilizations. The game requires a fair amount of micromanagement (although less than any of the simulation games). Along with the larger tasks of exploration, warfare and diplomacy, the player has to make decisions about where to build new cities, which improvements or units to build in each city, which advances in knowledge should be sought (and at what rate), and how to transform the land surrounding the cities for maximum benefit. From time to time the player's towns may be harassed by barbarians, units with no specific nationality and no named leader. These threats only come from unclaimed land or sea, so that over time there are fewer and fewer places from which barbarians will emanate.
The BBC remastered the original films onto HD in 2011. The series was re-broadcast on the BBC HD channel from 9 February to 4 May 2011, and shortly after was released on Blu-Ray. In 2014 the BBC announced that it intended to make a new version of the series, sparking some debate as the best approach to take.
Civilisation was one of the first United Kingdom television documentary series made in colour, commissioned during David Attenborough's controllership of BBC2. For technical reasons, colour television was to come to BBC2 before BBC1 and, as a channel aimed at a more highbrow audience, it was appropriate to commission a major series about the arts. It was Attenborough who prompted the title, but because of time constraints the series only covered Western Civilisation. Clark did not "suppose that anyone could be so obtuse as to think I had forgotten about the great civilisations of the pre-Christian era and the east", though the title continued to worry him.
Africa Day is observed on 25 May as a result of the formation of the Organisation of AfricanUnity (OAU) in 1963... It is the idea that there needs to be a consolidation of the African identity away from the lens of Western civilisation, meaning that we must break away from being characterised as objects for cheap, exploitable labour.
Taking the guts out of H Rider Haggard and turning it on its head? Heroes and heroines that seemed to have stepped straight out of Excalibur? All of them beautiful, muscular and African?A hidden civilisation between the desert and the Congo with its own advanced technologies, so ...
For more than a decade, Le Pen has been known for her fierce anti-immigration stance, seeing herself as standing guard at the parapets of “French civilisation” ... He recently alleged that without a stop to immigration, France will become “an African nation, an Islamic nation” in 10-20 years.
An unprecedented Picasso exhibition opened this week in Senegal's capital Dakar, where about a dozen of the Spanish master's works are displayed alongside African art, from which he drew inspiration ... The exhibition sees about 15 of Picasso's works hosted in Dakar's Museum of BlackCivilisations, on loan from Paris.
Thousands have been killed, millions displaced and several historical monuments damaged by invading forces in the EastAfrican country's north ...Monuments of civilisation ... The Aksumite Monuments and Lalibela rock-hewn churches, both UNESCO-registered heritage sites, are among the treasures of East African civilisation.
He collected these cultural items during decades of NorthAfrican expeditions ...Long before European settlers arrived on the continent, African civilisations boasted advanced heritage, technology and knowledge systems ... It educates visitors about the diversity and versatility of African civilisations.
Thousands have been killed, millions displaced and several historical monuments damaged by invading forces in the EastAfrican country’s north ... The AksumiteMonuments and Lalibela rock-hewn churches, both UNESCO-registered heritage sites, are among the treasures of East African civilisation.
“You see images of people leaving everything behind, and it touches your heart ... I will never forget it.” ... Media outlets have been criticised for comparing the conflict in Ukraine with those in less “civilised” Middle Eastern countries, while African and Arab refugees fleeing Ukraine have reported widespread instances of racism and mistreatment ... .
To receive Global Research’s Daily Newsletter (selected articles), click here. Visit and follow us on Instagram at @globalresearch_crg and Twitter at @crglobalization ...An Education system that demeans Asians and Africans as all just barbarians that need to be civilised and Russians – ah, well; they are all — just beyond the pale.
An extremely ugly picture of racism and defiance of accepted wartime convention has emerged during the horrors of the Ukraine war, where “blond-haired, blue-eyed, civilised, Christian” Ukrainians have been favoured over other refugees, including SouthAfrican students.
Beginning in the early 1960s several thousand African students came to the Soviet Union annually ... In the romantic politics of the early 1960s, Soviet perceptions of Africans as backward encouraged a socialist version of a civilising mission, in which a benevolent Soviet mentor provided guidance and resources to needy African pupils.
Cape Town - ONE would think racism would be nipped in the bud by the media when reporting on the conflict in Ukraine... D’Agata’s comments simply noted that Ukrainians deserved more sympathy than the Middle East and African countries which are always ravaged by war which most of the time is caused by the same “civilised” nations ... This is Europe!”.