Historically, a civilization was a so-called "advanced" culture in contrast to more supposedly primitive cultures. In this broad sense, a civilization contrasts with non-centralized tribal societies, including the cultures of nomadic pastoralists or hunter-gatherers. As an uncountable noun, civilization also refers to the process of a society developing into a centralized, urbanized, stratified structure.
Sid Meier's Civilization is a turn-based "4X"-type strategy video game created by Sid Meier and Bruce Shelley for MicroProse in 1991. The game's objective is to "Build an empire to stand the test of time": it begins in 4000 BC and the players attempt to expand and develop their empires through the ages from the ancient era until modern and near-future times. It is also known simply as Civilization, Civilization I, or abbreviated to Civ or Civ I.
Civilization is a turn-based single- or multiplayer strategy game. The player takes on the role of the ruler of a civilization, starting with one (or occasionally two) settler units, and attempts to build an empire in competition with two to six other civilizations. The game requires a fair amount of micromanagement (although less than any of the simulation games). Along with the larger tasks of exploration, warfare and diplomacy, the player has to make decisions about where to build new cities, which improvements or units to build in each city, which advances in knowledge should be sought (and at what rate), and how to transform the land surrounding the cities for maximum benefit. From time to time the player's towns may be harassed by barbarians, units with no specific nationality and no named leader. These threats only come from unclaimed land or sea, so that over time there are fewer and fewer places from which barbarians will emanate.
The BBC remastered the original films onto HD in 2011. The series was re-broadcast on the BBC HD channel from 9 February to 4 May 2011, and shortly after was released on Blu-Ray. In 2014 the BBC announced that it intended to make a new version of the series, sparking some debate as the best approach to take.
Civilisation was one of the first United Kingdom television documentary series made in colour, commissioned during David Attenborough's controllership of BBC2. For technical reasons, colour television was to come to BBC2 before BBC1 and, as a channel aimed at a more highbrow audience, it was appropriate to commission a major series about the arts. It was Attenborough who prompted the title, but because of time constraints the series only covered Western Civilisation. Clark did not "suppose that anyone could be so obtuse as to think I had forgotten about the great civilisations of the pre-Christian era and the east", though the title continued to worry him.
The second story involves one of the few black mathematicians whom white mathematicians acknowledge as great—or, I should say, “black American mathematicians,” since obviously Euclid, Eratosthenes and other African mathematicians outshone Europe’s brightest stars for millennia.
By contrast, save for a tiny sliver of the fortunate few, African people are spectators in the land game ... This was also the period in which large numbers of African children obtained education in Christian missionary schools. Much has been written about the earlier missionary schools as sites of “civilisation”.
I was part of the first cohort to take the African studies programme under Joan...Later, as a civil servant travelling to Goree Island in Senegal and looking through the window of no-return causes you to ask questions of the role and contribution of Africa and Africans in world civilisation and their right to claim their space.
These include Western, Confucian, Japanese, Islamic, Hindu, Slavic-Orthodox, Latin American and, possibly, African civilisation. The most important conflicts of the future will occur along the cultural fault lines separating these civilisations from one another”.
The social structure of African civilisation is designed in such a way that we don’t easily open up about our problems after we reach adulthood, especially if you are male. Many people have health problems but are hesitant to discuss them ... We all snore now and then, but if it becomes a habit, you should seek professional help ... You are not alone.
Throughout modern history, we have been taught that Europeans brought civilisation to the African continent – the place that black history starts – and some of the narration goes as far as saying that assimilation and Christianity were imposed on the natives to save them from themselves.
He added that “the government spares no effort to support the Egypt pavilion, to reflect the country’s historic civilisation as a regional and global heavyweight as well as the great history it shares with the Middle Eastern and African countries.”.
The writer and activist, who lived in CranleighStreet, was instrumental in helping the formation of Ghana – formerly the Gold Coast – as the first post-colonial, self-governed African state ... There were signed photos on the walls sent by African American stars ... “He wanted to forge links between British and African workers.”.
But the records we do have, some written, and some bound up in historical artefacts that give a glimpse of daily life, tell us that complex mathematics was always central to the activities of African civilisations, just as it always has been to civilisations in other regions of the world.
In July, Sierra Leone became the 23rdAfrican country to abolish the death penalty ...Colonial judges severely prosecuted these crimes, which stood as evidence of the so-called “savagery” of Africans, legitimising the necessity of the French’s “civilising mission” in Africa.
One of the great historians alive in Britain today, he focuses on African ancient and medieval civilisations and wider Black achievements in art, mathematics, architecture, science etc ... The African novel is so rarely praised for its formal innovation but this daring and unboundaried work certainly needs to be considered on those terms.”.
Considering the new scrambles and sneaky designs on Africa today, if the continent is to remain for Africans, ignoring him would be at a great risk ... “The great millions of Africans [are] rebelling against the false belief that providence created some to be the menials of others.” ... Mau Mau fighters were hunted down from the east African hills.
• Ghana’s first African-American TourismAmbassador has called for further education on Africa’s history in schools ... Ghana’s first African-American Tourism Ambassador and the CEO of the AdinkraGroup, Diallo Sumbry, has pointed that formal education in history without the recognition of Africa’s role in civilisation only becomes a fallacy.
Juxtaposing it with Nigerian election, Obi said that the people of Zambian have shown that election, “unlike what is sadly obtainable in Nigeria and most African countries is not war or atavistic throwback to the era of killing or getting killed, but a civilised act of allowing the people show their political preferences.”.